Luxebook February 2023

Carpet Kingdom Carpet Kingdom current homeowners. “In addition to the designs that Obeetee and its great designers have created together, we have mostly experimented with weaving methods while being mindful of our ecological approach. From azo-free dyes to the usage of natural fibres, Obeetee has made great strides in redefining carpet manufacturing.” On the other hand, Chaudhary talks about the lack of the new age technology-based machine-made rugs which although cost-effective, lack the expression found in handmade rugs. “Handmade rugs are surely more expensive than the new machine-made rugs. But they are also much more expressive, durable, and artistic. Machine-made rugs are produced on a large scale for mass production and simply lack the aura that one finds in a handmade rug.” While the beauty and artistic expression of a handmade carpet is incomparable, its durability is far more accomplished. As Chaudhary puts it, hand-knotted rugs are much more durable and can easily last for 2030 years as compared to machine-made rugs which may only last for 7-8 years. “Handmade rugs are part of an enduring tradition that can never be surpassed by technology or machines. People who appreciate quality, expression, and chutzpah will always know that traditionally made rugs will always be superior to machine-made rugs.” Different techniques Carpet weaving is expansive and the number of different methods employed are many. However, some of the most commonly employed techniques include hand knotting, flat weaving, hand tufting, and hand screening. Weavers will employ one of these techniques to produce the carpet using different fibres, colours, and textures followed by a carpet finishing process. Hand Knotting This technique has changed very little since it was introduced by the Mughals. It involves using a special loom, where the warp is set as the base of the carpet and the design is taken across the weft (a filling of yarn in weaving) using coloured threads, determined by the design. Hand knotting is characterised by the similarity of the design, both in the front as well as at the back of the carpet. The quality of a hand-knotted carpet is determined by the number of knots per square inch, where a higher density indicates a superior piece. A hand-knotted rug will almost always have fringes because there is no binding on the ends of the carpet and will have a flatter pile with less texture. Flat Weaving Created by interlacing warp (vertical) and weft (horizontal) threads. The threads are woven on a loom into colourful patterns, without the pile or backing you would find on knotted or tufted rugs. Flat weaves tend to be lighter and more flexible. They are easier to manage, fold, or move and are reversible — since the pattern is the same on both sides of the rug. This is the flat weaving technique. Kilims are flat woven rugs and pile Kilims are with a certain height. This weaving produces a lower range of indoor flat weaves. For instance, Pile Kilims or jute durries are used in places which are prone to tripping. They are made of jacquard and are usually ready in couple of days. Hand Tufting A hand-tufted rug is made by punching strands of wool using a hand-operated tool into a canvas that is stretched on a frame. This weaving technique is a little less cumbersome than the hand-knotted weaving technique. This weaving technique involves a tufting gun with needles on its front. This tool facilitates and speeds up the weaving process. Unlike hand knotted technique, this technique saves on time and money. It is cost and time effective. As compared to the handknotted technique, hand-tufted carpets take much less time to produce. This technique involves lower quality materials as compared to hand-knotted carpets, and also creates precise detailing of design patterns of the rugs. The gun used in tufting leads to faster production. Handloom / Power looming Handloom is one of the oldest techniques that has since come to be replaced by power looming in several sections, although both techniques have managed to survive equally. As the names suggest, handloom uses a looming device to weave the cloth by gripping and interweaving the threads. Power loom works in a similar manner, although these are usually employed in largescale factories and are electrically automated and controlled by the computer. Hand looming usually uses medium to low-ranged fibres like jacquard, whereas power-loomed ones are made with synthetic fibres like 22|L U X E B O O K|F E B R U A R Y 2 0 2 3 F E B R U A R Y 2 0 2 3 |L U X E B O O K| 23